S. Robert, et al.
Expected performances of the NOMAD/ExoMars instrument
Planetary and Space Science, 124, 94-104, 2016; doi:,
Radiative transfer


Abstract \NOMAD\ (Nadir and Occultation for \MArs\ Discovery) is one of the four instruments on board the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, scheduled for launch in March 2016. It consists of a suite of three high-resolution spectrometers – \SO\ (Solar Occultation), \LNO\ (Limb, Nadir and Occultation) and \UVIS\ (Ultraviolet and Visible Spectrometer). Based upon the characteristics of the channels and the values of Signal-to-Noise Ratio obtained from radiometric models discussed in (Vandaele et al., 2015a, 2015b; Thomas et al., 2016), the expected performances of the instrument in terms of sensitivity to detection have been investigated. The analysis led to the determination of detection limits for 18 molecules, namely CO, H2O, HDO, C2H2, C2H4, C2H6, H2CO, CH4, SO2, H2S, HCl, HCN, HO2, NH3, N2O, NO2, OCS, O3. \NOMAD\ should have the ability to measure methane concentrations <25 parts per trillion (ppt) in solar occultation mode, and 11 parts per billion in nadir mode. Occultation detections as low as 10 ppt could be made if spectra are averaged (Drummond et al., 2011). Results have been obtained for all three channels in nadir and in solar occultation.


  author = "S. Robert and A. Vandaele and I. Thomas and Y. Willame and F. Daerden and S. Delanoye and C. Depiesse and R. Drummond and E. Neefs and L. Neary and B. Ristic and J. Mason and J.-J. Lopez-Moreno and J. Rodriguez-Gomez and M. Patel and G. Bellucci",
  title = "Expected performances of the NOMAD/ExoMars instrument",
  year = 2016,
  journal = "Planetary and Space Science",
  volume = 124,
  pages = "94-104",
  month = "May",
  keywords = "Radiative transfer",
  doi = "",
  url = ""
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