E. Eckert, et al.
MIPAS IMK/IAA carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) retrieval and first comparison with other instruments
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 10(7), 2727-2743, 2017; doi: 10.5194/amt-10-2727-2017


MIPAS thermal limb emission measurements were used to derive vertically resolved profiles of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Level-1b data versions MIPAS/5.02 to MIPAS/5.06 were converted into volume mixing ratio profiles using the level-2 processor developed at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research (IMK) and Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA). Consideration of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) as an interfering species, which is jointly retrieved, and CO2 line mixing is crucial for reliable retrievals. Parts of the CO2 Q-branch region that overlap with the CCl4 signature were omitted, since large residuals were still found even though line mixing was considered in the forward model. However, the omitted spectral region could be narrowed noticeably when line mixing was accounted for. A new CCl4 spectroscopic data set leads to slightly smaller CCl4 volume mixing ratios. In general, latitude–altitude cross sections show the expected CCl4 features with highest values of around 90 pptv at altitudes at and below the tropical tropopause and values decreasing with altitude and latitude due to stratospheric decomposition. Other patterns, such as subsidence in the polar vortex during winter and early spring, are also visible in the distributions. The decline in CCl4 abundance during the MIPAS Envisat measurement period (July 2002 to April 2012) is clearly reflected in the altitude–latitude cross section of trends estimated from the entire retrieved data set.


  author = "E. Eckert and T. von Clarmann and A. Laeng and G. P. Stiller and B. Funke and N. Glatthor and U. Grabowski and S. Kellmann and M. Kiefer and A. Linden and A. Babenhauserheide and G. Wetzel and C. Boone and A. Engel and J. J. Harrison and P. E. Sheese and K. A. Walker and P. F. Bernath",
  title = "MIPAS IMK/IAA carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) retrieval and first comparison with other instruments",
  year = 2017,
  journal = "Atmospheric Measurement Techniques",
  publisher = "Copernicus Publications",
  volume = 10,
  number = 7,
  pages = "2727-2743",
  month = "Jul",
  keywords = "MIPAS, CCl4",
  doi = "10.5194/amt-10-2727-2017",
  url = ""
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