Publication


P. Rong, et al.
Validation of v1.022 mesospheric water vapor observed by the Solar Occultation for Ice Experiment instrument on the Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere satellite
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 115(24), D24314, 2010; doi: 10.1029/2010JD014269
H2O HDO H218O H217O Middle atmosphere Cloud physics SOFIE water vapor isopleth slopes mesopause height PMC height
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Abstract


[1] Water vapor measured by the Solar Occultation for Ice Experiment (SOFIE) instrument on the Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere satellite has been validated in the vertical range 45–95 km. Precision estimates for SOFIE v1.022 H2O are ∼0.2%–2.5% up to 80 km and degrade to ∼20% at ∼90 km. The SOFIE total systematic error from the retrieval analysis remains at ∼3%–4% throughout the lower to middle mesosphere and increases from ∼9% at 85 km to ∼16% at 95 km. Comparisons with Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment-Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS) and Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) H2O show excellent agreement (0%–2%) up to 80 km in the Northern Hemisphere with rare exceptions. Percentage differences above ∼85 km increase to ∼20% or worse due largely to the low H2O volume mixing ratios in the upper mesosphere. For the Southern Hemisphere SOFIE is consistently biased low by 10%–20% relative to both ACE-FTS and MLS H2O. Slopes of SOFIE daily mean H2O isopleths on an altitude versus time cross section are used as an indicator of upwelling air motion. In the lower to middle mesosphere, the slope is the largest from mid-May to mid-June (maximum of ∼1.5 cm/s), and then in July and August, it is reduced significantly. Both SOFIE and MLS daily mean H2O volume mixing ratios at the polar mesospheric cloud height increase rapidly from ∼2.0 to ∼5.0 ppmv prior to the solstice and then approach a near-constant but slightly increasing level (6.0–6.5 ppmv) throughout the season.

Reference


@article{JGRD:JGRD16538,
  author = "P. Rong and J. M. Russell and L. L. Gordley and M. E. Hervig and L. Deaver and P. F. Bernath and K. A. Walker",
  title = "Validation of v1.022 mesospheric water vapor observed by the Solar Occultation for Ice Experiment instrument on the Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere satellite",
  year = 2010,
  journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres",
  volume = 115,
  number = 24,
  pages = "D24314",
  month = "Dec",
  keywords = "H2O, HDO, H218O, H217O, Middle atmosphere, Cloud physics, SOFIE water vapor, isopleth slopes, mesopause height, PMC height",
  doi = "10.1029/2010JD014269",
  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2010JD014269"
}
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