V. F. Sofieva, et al.
Harmonized dataset of ozone profiles from satellite limb and occultation measurements
Earth System Science Data, 5(2), 349-363, 2013; doi: 10.5194/essd-5-349-2013
O3 18OO2 O18OO O17OO


In this paper, we present a HARMonized dataset of OZone profiles (HARMOZ) based on limb and occultation measurements from Envisat (GOMOS, MIPAS and SCIAMACHY), Odin (OSIRIS, SMR) and SCISAT (ACE-FTS) satellite instruments. These measurements provide high-vertical-resolution ozone profiles covering the altitude range from the upper troposphere up to the mesosphere in years 2001–2012. HARMOZ has been created in the framework of the European Space Agency Climate Change Initiative project. The harmonized dataset consists of original retrieved ozone profiles from each instrument, which are screened for invalid data by the instrument teams. While the original ozone profiles are presented in different units and on different vertical grids, the harmonized dataset is given on a common pressure grid in netCDF (network common data form)-4 format. The pressure grid corresponds to vertical sampling of ~ 1 km below 20 km and 2–3 km above 20 km. The vertical range of the ozone profiles is specific for each instrument, thus all information contained in the original data is preserved. Provided altitude and temperature profiles allow the representation of ozone profiles in number density or mixing ratio on a pressure or altitude vertical grid. Geolocation, uncertainty estimates and vertical resolution are provided for each profile. For each instrument, optional parameters, which are related to the data quality, are also included. For convenience of users, tables of biases between each pair of instruments for each month, as well as bias uncertainties, are provided. These tables characterize the data consistency and can be used in various bias and drift analyses, which are needed, for instance, for combining several datasets to obtain a long-term climate dataset. This user-friendly dataset can be interesting and useful for various analyses and applications, such as data merging, data validation, assimilation and scientific research.


  author = "V. F. Sofieva and N. Rahpoe and J. Tamminen and E. Kyrölä and N. Kalakoski and M. Weber and A. Rozanov and C. von Savigny and A. Laeng and T. von Clarmann and G. Stiller and S. Lossow and D. Degenstein and A. Bourassa and C. Adams and C. Roth and N. Lloyd and P. Bernath and R. J. Hargreaves and J. Urban and D. Murtagh and A. Hauchecorne and F. Dalaudier and M. van Roozendael and N. Kalb and C. Zehner",
  title = "Harmonized dataset of ozone profiles from satellite limb and occultation measurements",
  year = 2013,
  journal = "Earth System Science Data",
  volume = 5,
  number = 2,
  pages = "349-363",
  month = "Dec",
  keywords = "O3, 18OO2, O18OO, O17OO",
  doi = "10.5194/essd-5-349-2013",
  url = ""
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