S. Tegtmeier, et al.
SPARC Data Initiative: A comparison of ozone climatologies from international satellite limb sounders
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (2013JD019877), 118(21), 12,229-12,247, 2013; doi: 10.1002/2013JD019877
O3 18OO2 O18OO O17OO Middle atmosphere Remote sensing Climatology ozone climatologies limb satellites stratosphere


[1] A comprehensive quality assessment of the ozone products from 18 limb-viewing satellite instruments is provided by means of a detailed intercomparison. The ozone climatologies in form of monthly zonal mean time series covering the upper troposphere to lower mesosphere are obtained from LIMS, SAGE I/II/III, UARS-MLS, HALOE, POAM II/III, SMR, OSIRIS, MIPAS, GOMOS, SCIAMACHY, ACE-FTS, ACE-MAESTRO, Aura-MLS, HIRDLS, and SMILES within 1978–2010. The intercomparisons focus on mean biases of annual zonal mean fields, interannual variability, and seasonal cycles. Additionally, the physical consistency of the data is tested through diagnostics of the quasi-biennial oscillation and Antarctic ozone hole. The comprehensive evaluations reveal that the uncertainty in our knowledge of the atmospheric ozone mean state is smallest in the tropical and midlatitude middle stratosphere with a 1σ multi-instrument spread of less than ±5%. While the overall agreement among the climatological data sets is very good for large parts of the stratosphere, individual discrepancies have been identified, including unrealistic month-to-month fluctuations, large biases in particular atmospheric regions, or inconsistencies in the seasonal cycle. Notable differences between the data sets exist in the tropical lower stratosphere (with a spread of ±30%) and at high latitudes (±15%). In particular, large relative differences are identified in the Antarctic during the time of the ozone hole, with a spread between the monthly zonal mean fields of ±50%. The evaluations provide guidance on what data sets are the most reliable for applications such as studies of ozone variability, model-measurement comparisons, detection of long-term trends, and data-merging activities.


  author = "S. Tegtmeier and M. I. Hegglin and J. Anderson and A. Bourassa and S. Brohede and D. Degenstein and L. Froidevaux and R. Fuller and B. Funke and J. Gille and A. Jones and Y. Kasai and K. Krüger and E. Kyrölä and G. Lingenfelser and J. Lumpe and B. Nardi and J. Neu and D. Pendlebury and E. Remsberg and A. Rozanov and L. Smith and M. Toohey and J. Urban and T. von Clarmann and K. A. Walker and R. H. J. Wang",
  title = "SPARC Data Initiative: A comparison of ozone climatologies from international satellite limb sounders",
  year = 2013,
  journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres",
  volume = 118,
  number = 21,
  pages = "12,229-12,247",
  month = "Nov",
  keywords = "O3, 18OO2, O18OO, O17OO, Middle atmosphere, Remote sensing, Climatology, ozone climatologies, limb satellites, stratosphere",
  doi = "10.1002/2013JD019877",
  url = "",
  note = "2013JD019877"
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