S. Martínez-Alonso, et al.
Comparison of upper tropospheric carbon monoxide from MOPITT, ACE-FTS, and HIPPO-QCLS
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (2014JD022397), 119(24), 14,144-14,164, 2014; doi: 10.1002/2014JD022397
CO 13CO C18O C17O Troposphere Remote sensing Stratosphere/troposphere interactions Instruments techniques remote sensing validation carbon monoxide MOPITT ACE-FTS HIPPO-QCLS


Products from the Measurements Of Pollution In The Troposphere (MOPITT) instrument are regularly validated using in situ airborne measurements. However, few of these measurements reach into the upper troposphere, thus hindering MOPITT validation in that region. Here we evaluate upper tropospheric (~500 hPa to the tropopause) MOPITT CO profiles by comparing them to satellite Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS) retrievals and to measurements from the High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research Pole to Pole Observations (HIPPO) Quantum Cascade Laser Spectrometer (QCLS). Direct comparison of colocated v5 MOPITT thermal infrared-only retrievals, v3.0 ACE-FTS retrievals, and HIPPO-QCLS measurements shows a slight positive MOPITT CO bias within its 10% accuracy requirement with respect to the other two data sets. Direct comparison of colocated ACE-FTS and HIPPO-QCLS measurements results in a small number of samples due to the large disparity in sampling pattern and density of these data sets. Thus, two additional indirect techniques for comparison of noncoincident data sets have been applied: tracer-tracer (CO-O3) correlation analysis and analysis of profiles in tropopause coordinates. These techniques suggest a negative bias of ACE-FTS with respect to HIPPO-QCLS; this could be caused by differences in resolution (horizontal, vertical) or by deficiencies in the ACE-FTS CO retrievals below ~20 km of altitude, among others. We also investigate the temporal stability of MOPITT and ACE-FTS data, which provide unique global CO records and are thus important in climate analysis. Our results indicate that the relative bias between the two data sets has remained generally stable during the 2004–2010 period.


  author = "S. Martínez-Alonso and M. N. Deeter and H. M. Worden and J. C. Gille and L. K. Emmons and L. L. Pan and M. Park and G. L. Manney and P. F. Bernath and C. D. Boone and K. A. Walker and F. Kolonjari and S. C. Wofsy and J. Pittman and B. C. Daube",
  title = "Comparison of upper tropospheric carbon monoxide from MOPITT, ACE-FTS, and HIPPO-QCLS",
  year = 2014,
  journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres",
  volume = 119,
  number = 24,
  pages = "14,144-14,164",
  month = "Dec",
  keywords = "CO, 13CO, C18O, C17O, Troposphere, Remote sensing, Stratosphere/troposphere interactions, Instruments, techniques, remote sensing, validation, carbon monoxide, MOPITT, ACE-FTS, HIPPO-QCLS",
  doi = "10.1002/2014JD022397",
  url = "",
  note = "2014JD022397"
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