M. López-Puertas, et al.
Validation of the MIPAS CO2 volume mixing ratio in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere and comparison with WACCM simulations
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (2017JD026805), 122(15), 8345-8366, 2017; doi: 10.1002/2017JD026805
CO2 Constituent sources sinks Middle atmosphere: composition chemistry Middle atmosphere: constituent transport chemistry Thermosphere: composition chemistry Instruments techniques CO2 mesosphere lower thermosphere MIPAS ACE SABER WACCM


We present the validation of Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) CO2 daytime concentration in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere by comparing with Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE) Fourier transform spectrometer and Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) data. MIPAS shows a very good agreement with ACE below 100 km with differences of ∼5%. Above 100 km, MIPAS CO2 is generally lower than ACE with differences growing from ∼5% at 100 km to 20–40% near 110–120 km. Part of this disagreement can be explained by the lack of a nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium correction in ACE. MIPAS also agrees very well (∼5%) with SABER below 100 km. At 90–105 km, MIPAS is generally smaller than SABER by 10–30% in the polar summers. At 100–120 km, MIPAS and SABER CO2 agree within ∼10% during equinox but, for solstice, MIPAS is larger by 10–25%, except near the polar summer. Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) CO2 shows the major MIPAS features. At 75–100 km, the agreement is very good (∼5%), with maximum differences of ∼10%. At 95–115 km MIPAS CO2 is larger than WACCM by 20–30% in the winter hemisphere but smaller (20–40%) in the summer. Above 95–100 km WACCM generally overestimates MIPAS CO2 by about 20–80% except in the polar summer where underestimates it by 20–40%. MIPAS CO2 favors a large eddy diffusion below 100 km and suggests that the meridional circulation of the lower thermosphere is stronger than in WACCM. The three instruments and WACCM show a clear increase of CO2 with time, more markedly at 90–100 km.


  author = "M. López-Puertas and B. Funke and Á. A. Jurado-Navarro and M. García-Comas and A. Gardini and C. D. Boone and L. Rezac and R. R. Garcia",
  title = "Validation of the MIPAS CO2 volume mixing ratio in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere and comparison with WACCM simulations",
  year = 2017,
  journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres",
  volume = 122,
  number = 15,
  pages = "8345-8366",
  month = "Aug",
  keywords = "CO2, Constituent sources, sinks, Middle atmosphere: composition, chemistry, Middle atmosphere: constituent transport, chemistry, Thermosphere: composition, chemistry, Instruments, techniques, CO2, mesosphere, lower thermosphere, MIPAS, ACE, SABER, WACCM",
  doi = "10.1002/2017JD026805",
  url = "",
  note = "2017JD026805"
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