Publication


F. Sassi, et al.
Simulations of the Boreal Winter Upper Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere With Meteorological Specifications in SD-WACCM-X
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123(7), 3791-3811, 2018; doi: 10.1002/2017JD027782
dynamical variability upper mesosphere lower thermosphere short-term variability
URL, RIS, BibTex

Abstract


Abstract We investigate the benefit of high-altitude nudging in simulations of the structure and short-term variability of the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere (UMLT) dynamical meteorology during boreal winter, specifically around the time of the January 2009 sudden stratospheric warming. We compare simulations using the Specified Dynamics, Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, extended version, nudged using atmospheric specifications generated by the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System, Advanced Level Physics High Altitude. Two sets of simulations are carried out: one uses nudging over a vertical domain from 0 to 90 km; the other uses nudging over a vertical domain from 0 to 50 km. The dynamical behavior is diagnosed from ensemble mean and standard deviation of winds, temperature, and zonal accelerations due to resolved and parameterized waves. We show that the dynamical behavior of the UMLT is quite different in the two experiments, with prominent differences in the structure and variability of constituent transport. We compare the results of our numerical experiments to observations of carbon monoxide by the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment-Fourier Transform Spectrometer to show that the high-altitude nudging is capable of reproducing with high fidelity the observed variability, and traveling planetary waves are a crucial component of the dynamics. The results of this study indicate that to capture the key physical processes that affect short-term variability (defined as the atmospheric behavior within about 10 days of a stratospheric warming) in the UMLT, specification of the atmospheric state in the stratosphere alone is not sufficient, and upper atmospheric specifications are needed.

Reference


@article{doi:10.1002/2017JD027782,
  author = "F. Sassi and D. E. Siskind and J. L. Tate and H.-L. Liu and C. E. Randall",
  title = "Simulations of the Boreal Winter Upper Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere With Meteorological Specifications in SD-WACCM-X",
  year = 2018,
  journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres",
  volume = 123,
  number = 7,
  pages = "3791-3811",
  month = "Mar",
  keywords = "dynamical variability, upper mesosphere, lower thermosphere, short-term variability",
  doi = "10.1002/2017JD027782",
  url = "https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/2017JD027782"
}
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